||Situation in which a golfer's score cannot be used for handicap adjustment for various reasons.
||Hitting the ball short of the target aimed at.
||Taking less shots than par on a given hole or for the whole round.
||When ball ends up in a position from which it cannot be played, for example a bush
||A golfer's lead in strokes or holes over an opponent.
|Up and Down
||Means missing the green in regulation but still achieving par. Usually by playing one chip or bunker shot followed by just one putt.
||Where the ball comes to rest on a slope above the target.
||United States Golf Association - golf's governing body in the USA and Mexico.